Teak Grades – Know The Difference

Lutyens BenchTeak is highly sought after for its unique qualities. It is not only highly aesthetically appealing but it is also exceptionally comfortable, durable and easy to care for. Unlike other types of wood which are vulnerable to the effects of the weather and wood-eating insects, teak is naturally resistant to both the weather elements and termites because its natural oils protect it from moisture and temperature changes, and work as an insect repellent at the same time. Over time, teak's golden brown colour changes into silvery grey which, however, does not have any effect on its durability. In contrary to other wooden garden furniture which  lasts up to about two decades if properly protected against the outdoor elements, teak outdoor furniture lasts a lifetime requiring no protection and care other than routine cleaning.

When buying a teak bench or other piece of outdoor furniture which is made from teak, you are highly recommended to pay attention to teak grade. It refers to quality of teak wood from which the furniture is made and which plays the key role in its performance. Teak grade, unfortunately, also plays an important role in the price of the furniture but if you would like to enjoy the beauty, convenience and durability of teak garden bench, you should focus on teak grade and only then compare the prices. To help you understand why teak grade is so important, we will take a closer look at the grades and properties of timber of a particular grade.

Grade A teak is the highest quality timber available. It is obtained exclusively from the so-called heartwood or the central section of the log of a mature teak tree. This wood is exceptionally strong and high in teak's natural oils which are responsible for its abilities to remain unaffected by exposure to the harsh outdoor conditions. Unfortunately, heartwood accounts only up to one quarter of the log which is why grade A teak is relatively expensive.

Grade B teak furniture refers to furniture which is also made from the central section of the log. But in contrary to grade A, grade B teak is obtained from semi-mature trees which are lower in teak's natural oil content. As a result, grade B teak furniture cannot withstand the outdoor elements as good as furniture which is entirely made from grade A teak. This furniture is less expensive but it is also less durable and needs periodic treatment with teak oil to help it resist outdoor elements and extend its durability. Grade A teak, on the other hand, must not be oiled because teak's natural oils are superior to the synthetic ones (keep in mind that teak oil is most often made from synthetic oils rather than the oils which are naturally found in teak trees).

Grade C teak is the lowest quality teak wood which is obtained from the outer sections of the log that contain literally no natural oils. Furniture which is made from grade C teak is unable to withstand the outdoor elements without protection in the form of oiling. And even then, it is not as durable as grade A teak furniture which can truly last a lifetime.